EnergySun Farms- Solar Greenhouse Sustainable Farming

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EnergySun Farms- Solar Greenhouse Sustainable Farming

PROJECT PARTNERS: POLY CLIMA/ BAOL SYSTEMS Greenhouse Projects SEISO ENERGY Solar PV Renewable Energy Systems (Insolight & Soliculture)

GRODAN Horticultural Control Systems

PURE-O-TECH Water Reclamation Systems



Insolight frameless (ca. 2m2) 360 watt greenhouse panels: Our technology makes the most efficient existing solar cells affordable.

Direct-to-consumer business model The Future of Sustainable agriculture

Energy Sun Farms is a Greenhouse with Photovoltaic solar system, inclusive of energy efficiency, built by Poly Clima/ BAOL Systems. The project will encompass a 107,639 Square Foot hydroponic greenhouse Ultimate Climate, with growing technology by Grodan, built in Cranbury, New Jersey. Grodan is a global leader in Starter Plugs designed for starting seedlings and rooting for the professional horticulture based on precision growing. The Solar PV Farm built by SEISO Energy, to supply the greenhouse and the other site facilities with renewable energy. Our aim is to develop an urban farm paradigm that can be implemented in other New Jersey principalities. Energy Sun Farms Greenhouse will provide optimal regulated growing conditions for the plants to thrive in without the interference of the outside elements. Grodan's experienced grower team is focused on applying craftsman care to our plants through the most advanced growing practices and technologies in the industry. Everything we grow is handpicked and processed through our own grading and packaging plant built directly at the greenhouse. Post harvest

chemicals or waxes are never used and our food safety standards have been set high. This enables us to grow, pick, pack and locally deliver quality consistent products year round. Our broad range of products comes in an array of colors, shapes and sizes fitting the needs of all trade customers. Our product mix is supported by a swift infrastructure and strategic focus on working with our local partners and customers to find best product to produce in a solutions to satisfy local market needs. Energy Sun ‘Future of Sustainable Agriculture’ will start with a vision – a vision based upon market reality and made real with advanced technology. This vision led to the creation of a year-round vegetable-growing environment that is establishing a new standard in sustainability for quality produce production. Part of the fundamental problem we are solving in getting fresh food is that produce is often grown far away from where it’s eaten. Creating three problems: for one it has to be sprayed by preservatives allowing it to be shipped across state lines. Second, It has to be transported long distances with added consumption of fossil fuel, further polluting the environment. Thirdly, the produce may not taste fresh anymore and losses its nutritional value. True sustainability is centered about three core principles – Environmental Soundness, Economic Feasibility and Social Equity. ‘Future of Sustainable Agriculture’ successfully fulfills all three principles by reducing water draw, minimizing pest and disease risks, decreasing nutrient and energy costs. The facility is designed to absorb as much natural heat from the sun and the building before supplementing with high efficiency electric heating system built by Technotherm International. Moreover, purchasing our greenhouse from Poly Clima Poly Clima/ BAOL Systems, a leader in greenhouse technology, to put on climate circulation systems and controls with climate control technology. Energy Sun greenhouse will create an entirely closed and controlled growing environment, hence the development of the Ultimate-Climate greenhouse.Poly Clima/ BAOL Systems has developed new technology called triple-glazing insulation glass that adds extra lamination for the greenhouse plans and reduced plant-to-plant shadowing. The sum of these individual steps will provide significantly increased glass area for more light transmission and groundbreaking atmospheric humidity, oxygen, CO2, circulation and temperature control. Plant and biosafety were addressed through the use of overpressure – the positive pressure environment of the active ventilation system keeps bugs out.

Closing the greenhouse environment also reduced evaporation of irrigation water. Excess irrigation water runoff is collected and transported to the water treatment system by Form Flex gutters. Treatment and recycling of condensation, rain, runoff water, and fertilizing nutrients are accomplished through Pure-O-Tech’s advanced water treatment and technology. This will result in a 66 percent decrease in water used and 50 percent decrease in nutrients needed – a significant production efficiency increase and cost reduction.

POLY CLIMA / BAOL SYSTEMS Greenhouse Poly Clima/ BAOL System lets you design an almost infinite number of greenhouses from a few basic types: Custom-built to ensure your commercial success.

BAOL Systems and engineers find the best solution for every challenge. Their skill lies not just in constructing traditional greenhouses; but also develop and construct individual designs. As a prestigious manufacturer of Venlo and wide span greenhouses, they understand how to combine traditional, continuous ridge ventilation with modern Cabrio open roof solutions. BAOL engineers will be working with Insolight to develop our 2 hectare model greenhouse to be build in New Jersey, first of its kind. There are also no limits in terms of roofing areas: from 4 mm single glazing to triple-glazed insulation diffusion glass, to a gutter made from galvanized steel through closed aluminum gutters to highly insulated thermo gutters and much, much more.

Poly Clima, Aytekin Greenhouse which is Turkey leader in the production of Greenhouse Materials, Boray Boru, which produces special solutions for Pipe and Tube sector, AYS Project, which provides %100 customer satisfaction with its production power and experience in Turnkey Modern Greenhouse Projects, and Aytekin Foreign Trade, which delivers all of these products to the the users all over the world, was main component of the Aytekin Group brand, which is the only one in Turkey and one of the rare companies in Europe. Poly Clima will be working with the Soliculture PV solar system from the University of California to fit our second model greenhouse in New Jersey.

SEISO Energy Technologies: Insolight & Soliculture Greenhouse Solar

They offer products, solutions, and services across the entire energy valuechain. They support customers on their way to a more sustainable future – no matter how far along the journey they are. In order to address the energy needs of the facility, Energy Sun partnered with SEISO Energy Technologies to develop a solar photovoltaic of a two megawatt system. Renewable energy generated from the greenhouse will provide the greenhouse to all it's electricity needs.

SEISO will be manage the pre assembly production of the Insolight 360 (2m2) solar panels, later to be assembled in Switzerland. SEISO will also be involved in the pre assembly production of the University of California, Soliculture Lumo 180 watt full cell module. Do to our partnership with SEISO, we will be able to fit our greenhouse with a fully operational hydroponic greenhouse with zero carbon foot print by producing all our energy needs from the greenhouse solar PV systems.

Grodan Climate controlled systems

Achieving drain each and every day and realizing average 24 hour drain figures >30% to manage EC is a thing of the past for the modern greenhouse grower. - There are economic and legislative drivers to consider why this philosophy should be adopted to realize Precision Growing. Economic drivers - The additional cost of energy required stimulating transpiration in order to steer the vegetative – generative plant balance and to control humidity as a result of over supplying water to the plant on dark days. - The direct cost of unnecessarily applying water and fertilizer to “chase” and stabilize substrate EC. Legislative drivers - The need to manage (prevent) nutrient discharge from the greenhouse. In this technical principle of irrigation efficiency and how this design feature of Grodan substrates makes EC steering easier with lower drain volumes.

PURE-O-TECH Inc. (Axeon)

A water purification company with promising leadership in this industry as a comprehensive water treatment and service company based on providing economic benefits to the customers while improving their water quality? Pure-O-Tech’s technology begins with understanding the chemical constituents of water, and then we design the applicable technology solution and thereafter, assist the grower in its implementation. From removal of suspended solids through filtration technology, to disinfection of disease causing micro- organisms through ozone and ultra- violet technologies, to the application of membrane technologies for removal of salts, Pure-O-Tech builds, standardized, modular, skid-mounted units that can be mixed and matched to meet the requirements of any grower.

Farm Credit East & Farm Credit Lease

Farm Credit East is a borrower-owned cooperative providing credit to producers of food, fiber and flowers throughout New Jersey. Farm Credit East leasing products are available with a wide variety of terms and structures, which can be customized to company needs. As in finance specializing in a single industry – agriculture –

Farm Credit East is dedicated solely to proving that THE CUSTOMER COMES FIRST by providing superior customer service at competitive rates. The Board of Directors for Farm Credit West is com- posed of agricultural leaders who ensure that the Association provides the highest quality, value-added service. With the help of Carriage Farm we will be able to obtain the lease, Seven-Year Lease Terms: 2.6% annual profit. $1,500,000 Greenhouse Lease $17,540 Monthly Lease Payment (84 months) $300,000 Residual Payment (Due month 85)

Our Business Plan Model

The business of adding high tech greenhouses, along with a team of experienced greenhouse growers, begins to solve important food source issues. This exemplifies sustainable farming of fresh produce and greens, year round, at a steady cost base without price fluctuation. In addition it creates the preliminary mandate for a complete energy and food security for our local communities in New Jersey. Through developing the business model and refining growing techniques Energy Sun stands to gain a major share of the local market. We will be able to deliver baskets of produce to local subscribers: $20 for an eight-pound basket and $30 for a basket weighing about twelve pounds. “Unlike a lot of start-ups, we’re not trying to find a market, we know there is a demand for fresh food.”

Moreover, we will be suppling the local restaurants and New Jersey Market with our produce. The upfront capital costs to get started are higher for hydroponic greenhouses. Our greenhouse Ultimate Climate will cost in the range of $3.1 million structure plus concrete ground base preparation. It design will require less labor, land, water and fertilizer. Local market share will eliminate the need for shipping costs across state lines. The result is a fresher, tastier, longer-lasting, more nutritious product. The solar farm of 2.0 Megawatt at $2.0 million pre assembly by SEISO Renewable Technologies and assembled by Insolight and Soliculture that will reduce the operating costs drastically. Energy is the highest cost in operating a year round hydroponic greenhouse. Having the combination of profitable Solar Farm and the energy directed to the greenhouse will be a major cost saving measure for the next 25 years. Most hydroponic cultivation, a water-based growing system in which no soil is required, nutrients are carefully controlled and natural pest control using insects is favored over pesticides. These greenhouses extend the already popular green campus concept, using recycled water and renewable energy consumption of the buildings upon which they sit. The biggest advantage for Energy Sun Farms is that its urban location means it can attract more customers and deliver more than a thousand baskets of produce a week, compared with 200 to 300 for a typical land-based co-op. The company’s business plan calls for rapid expansion of the current facility as

the business begins to grow. In agribusiness, food production has been about mass production. Perishable items like vegetables traditionally got short shrift, and consumers accepted bland produce. Low gas prices and relatively inexpensive transportation helped maintain that status quo. But the rise of the locavore movement in the past decade began to change attitudes and desires. Rising gas prices sent transportation costs soaring, and consumers became less willing to buy mediocre fare. Our Business plan in conjunction with directs customer sales and until this segment of the business grows in selling power we will be embracing the co-op model or selling to restaurants. The intention of producing vegetables, fruit and culinary herbs a year for sale through local grocery stores, farmers markets and restaurants. Our business model for our annual revenue, and that he would sell produce for similar or even lower prices than traditional farms. We expect gross margins to be extremely attractive because our company’s business model eliminates farming’s biggest expense, shipping. Allowing to use our free renewable energy from our solar farm on the grounds and low labor cost due to a low maintenance growing hydroponic methods will make our farms more resilient to unforeseen natural events, market fluctuations and energy

Eliminating the Distribution Chain...

Unlike some of the large commercial vegetable greenhouses in the US & Canada Energy Sun Farms will be eliminating the distribution chain and sells directly to consumers, restaurants and local partners. An important and unique component similar to Lufa Farms’ in Montreal operation is that to supplement what we grow in our own greenhouse with third-party organic produce from other local New Jersey farmers. There’s great consistency with greenhouse-grown vegetables and greens but that is not enough for customers. The supplemental produce keeps the baskets interesting and reflective of the seasons, and helps support other small-scale local organic farmers. Poly Clima/ BAOL greenhouse designed structure chosen for its strength and highest possible light levels. The greenhouse also needed to provide multiple growing climates for the diversity of vegetables we cultivate. With over 25 varieties of vegetables being grown in a relatively small area. Grodan will help

provide hot zones for some vegetables, cool zones for others, and several “Ultra Clima” within each zone. In an effort to minimize the environmental burden on the environment, a solar farm built on the ground by Siemens for year round renewable energy use will supply the greenhouse.

Minimizing Pests, Maximizing Flavor...

Energy Sun Farms will not use any synthetic or unnatural pesticides, herbicides or fungicides, but because of the use of hydroponic methods of agriculture, the operation is certifiable as organic hydroponic growing. Grodan uses biological alternatives for pest control using beneficial insects to control pests. The advance of hydroponic growing techniques and innovative, cost- effective greenhouse systems, together with increasing consumer desire for organic produce, has redefined the term locally grown. It has spurred entrepreneurs to create a variety of greenhouse technologies and business models. In all but the short summer season, the availability of fresh, locally grown fruit and vegetables. Energy Sun Farms model is to sell directly to consumers through a co-op. We are also working on forming partnerships with local universities by building large greenhouses and help provide them with fresh produce and greens year

round. Energy Sun Farms offers fresh goods and premium, locally grown produce directly to consumers who live and work near its sustainable urban farms. Our produce is harvested the same day is delivered to consumers -- ensuring that the vegetables are truly ripe, fresh, and offer optimal nutritive value. Whereas many urban farms sell to restaurants or grocery stores, or via farmer’s markets, in addition our key point of differentiation: its direct-to- consumer business model as well. On its website, shoppers can customize baskets of fresh food, which are then delivered to their homes for an added fee. It’s like community-supported agriculture (CSA) or a farm share merged with the personalization and convenience of Uber Eats or Amazon Prime. “We decided that we needed to give people the option to order what they wanted, and that we would figure out how to get those items to them”. We want to be considered as a “local food engine” and create a scalable model for urban agriculture that can theoretically make our New Jersey cities self-sufficient in their food production by growing year-round in renewable energy driven hydroponic greenhouses. For now, though, what makes Energy Sun Farms work is not strict self- sufficiency, but partnering with suppliers far and wide, and giving the customer exactly what she wants—not a box full of rutabagas. In order to serve customers year-round, Our Farms pulls will in other partners, including more conventional farmers. In order to help prevent seasonal defection, shoppers start with a base basket—suggestions that are automatically included but can be removed. The website offers everything from our on site bakery baked bread from local organic valued green crops from our local farm partners. Our onsite state of the art food processing center will help utilize the surplus and add another facet to our operation from sun dried vegetable to canned foods.

Energy Sun 2 Megawatt Solar PV System at a cost of $2.0 million.

Solar credits and rebates from ITC (26% cost to the system) to MACRS and TREC are of great value to the investment in renewable energy in New Jersey. The ITC then steps down according to the following schedule:

  • 26 percent for projects that begin construction in 2021 and 2022

  • 22 percent for projects that begin construction in 2023

The social benefits from solar ads great value to the financial investment in our future solar far will help the greenhouse project become a success.

Cost and Benefit Analysis:

Cost: 2.0 Megawatt solar PV Renewable Energy System. Benefit:

ITC 26% of total cost of the system.

74% in MACRS deductions reduction of gross income.

TREC's ($152 per TREC) 2,600 TREC, for 15 years.

This energy will be used by our greenhouse. Renewable energy electricity production makes the project more of secure investment when combined with the greenhouse venture. Having a renewable energy source on site and at very low cost will help turn the profit from the greenhouse early in the project. Both projects running hand in hand will secure the investment, advance the projects viability and help maintain an affordable and sustainable food cost for our community

Energy Sun Hydroponic Greenhouse Capex Indication:

2 Hectare (20,000 SM) Venlo Basic Greenhouse: Cost $155/SM @ total cost $3.1 Millions. Yield: Valued Cherry Tomatoes/ Vegetable = 32 Kg/SM Tomatoes, 320,000 kg per season @ $8.8/kg,

yield = $5.66 million per season. Annual Operational Cost: Requiring 12 hour combined lighting (Sun/LED)

Energy $90/SM

Labor (14 Personal) : $32/SM

Packing & Handling: $5/SM

Operational: $11/SM All other (Insurance ...Etc.): $12/SM Total Cost: $150/SM

Cost $3.0 million annual (Cost $1.2 million annual with Solar farm free electricity)

SOLICULTURE- University of California

Helmi A Saud EnergySun Farms Inc. Project Development, Cell# 609-902-6056

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